Importance of fire protection systems in oil and gas processing facilities
Oil and gas processing facilities are fire risks due to the nature of the work. Highly flammable liquid and gas will lead to uncontrollable severe fire, which seriously threatens the property loss of the company’s projects, pollution and life danger of construction personnel.
Many countries have developed fire codes for petrochemical facilities designed to minimize the risk of explosion and protect facilities from damage in the event of fire, including the use of certified intrinsically safe mobile phones, ATEX explosion-proof mobile phones, etc.
Let’s take a brief look at some of the biggest fire hazards facing petrochemical facilities.
The biggest fire risk in oil and gas processing facilities
The biggest risk occurs when the oil escapes from its containment vessel and stray sparks ignite and start a dangerous fire. Here are six of the most common petrochemical fire and explosion hazards that can occur in petroleum processing facilities:
BLEVE (boiling liquid expansion vapor explosion) : Occurs when the contents are above boiling point and the container fails.
Explosions: One of the most dangerous situations in any petrochemical facility, explosions are caused by igniting flammable vapors in a confined space.
Flammable liquid pool fire: Due to loss of product containers in any type of storage tank, paired with common ignition sources, such as nearby electrical equipment. Flammable or flammable liquid storage tank fire is also a large pool fire.
Flash: Ignition of flammable vapors in an unrestricted area, usually during normal transfer operations of flammable liquid cans, spillage or leakage of flammable liquid containers.
Jet fire: Ignited liquid or gas escaping under pressure from a process vessel or pipe.
Common Combustible fire: A Class A fire is as reasonable as A flammable liquid fire in any oil and gas facility and should be considered, particularly in any office or outbuilding.
To protect facilities and personnel from fire, petrochemical fire protection systems must be designed to address industry-specific fire risks.
Four components of fire protection systems in oil and gas processing facilities
The four main components of a strong fire protection system are: water and foam fire suppression systems, fire extinguishers, fire alarms and fire safety training.
#1 Fire extinguishing system
Foam extinguishers are ideal in petrochemical fire protection systems. When the system’s sensors detect a fire, they extinguish the flammable liquid with a sticky, bubbly liquid, thereby extinguishing any active flames while preventing other areas from catching fire.
Water mist systems are also effective in oil and gas processing facilities because they spray tiny droplets of water (less than 1,000 microns in diameter). Fog minimizes water damage while extinguishing fires.
Large dry powder systems are an effective means of extinguishing flammable liquid fires, especially where water supply is not readily available.
# 2 fire extinguisher
Petroleum processing facilities should primarily use BC fire extinguishers as they are suitable for industry-prone fire categories. The fire extinguishers are good at dealing with common combustibles, electrical equipment and wiring, flammable liquids and gases. Ensure that all staff know where fire extinguishers are and how to use them.
#3 Fire alarm system
Oil and gas processing facilities need to include a fire alarm system that includes heat, flame and gas detectors for automatic activation, pull stations for manual activation, and flashlights and alarms for alerting personnel to the danger. Fire alarms must be checked regularly to ensure that they comply with NFPA and API specifications and can operate effectively under any conditions.
#4 Fire Safety training
Even the best fire prevention and suppression technology is no substitute for fire safety training. The safety-first approach to fire preparedness at petrochemical facilities boils down to training personnel who will use fire suppression tools and respond appropriately to fire threats, and promptly notify authorities.
Several ways to prioritize personnel training include:
A detailed description of the specific hazards in your facility and how fire protection systems prevent and extinguish fires.
How to use fire-fighting equipment, including fire extinguishers, fire alarms, sprinkler systems, and any other technology your facility uses.
An evacuation plan for your facility. Conduct regular but diversified drills to practice evacuation routes and response times.
Additional training to consider is first aid, so employees can assist colleagues in an emergency, evacuate people from danger and treat minor injuries.
Oil and gas fire protection system maintenance
Finally, fire protection systems used in oil and gas processing facilities are only effective if they are well maintained. Regular inspections and maintenance are not only required by fire codes, but also ensure that equipment remains in top condition, which will save the company money on repairs or replacements.
The best way to keep up with maintenance is to commit to a regular service schedule. Keep in mind that different types of devices may need to be checked more frequently. Work with a fire safety professional who is familiar with fire risk at oil and gas processing facilities to ensure your fire protection system works.
Conquest Phones specializes in the design and manufacture of intrinsically safe mobile Phones and ATEX explosion-proof communications devices that meet the needs of your project
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What Is An Explosive Hazardous Area?
Explosives hazardous areas occur where flammable liquids, vapors, gases or combustible dusts are likely to occur in quantities sufficient to cause a fire or explosion. Often, these atmospheres are created where gas, vapors, dusts and liquids are in contact with oxygen. Hazardous areas are divided into zones, where the probability of a hazardous atmosphere being present governs the explosion risk. Some areas are more hazardous than others, since it is more likely that there are gasses present. There are explosive gas atmospheres, explosive dust atmospheres, and the explosive atmospheres which may exist in coal mines.
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Safety is the highest priority
At all places where flammable substances are produced, processed, transported or stored, safety is extremely important – especially in the chemical industry, petrochemical industry, in oil and natural gas production and in mining.
In order to provide the highest level of safety possible, most countryies legislations have developed corresponding conditions in the form of laws, regulations and standards. These now have to be implemented by companies because the operator of a plant is solely responsible for safe operation in accordance with the safety law, so for the industries that work in the hazardous area, using the intrinsically safe mobile phone/ATEX explosion-proof rugged phone is a mandatory requirement,
Benefits of Intrinsically Safe Mobile Phone in the Hazardous Area?
1.Provide Safe and Secure Mobile Communications
Intrinsically Safe Mobile Phone / ATEX Rugged Phone provide safe and secure mobile communications in classified or hazardous areas. You can stay connected within Class 1, Zone 1 classified hazardous areas (Zone 1/21, Zone 1, Zone 2/22). Intrinsically safe cell phones must meet specific battery design standards to achieve UL, ATEX directives, or IECEx certification for use in explosive environments.
2. Equipment Life
In manufacturing, rugged industrial handpieces play a key role in the entire value chain, from material collection, inbound and outbound logistics, procurement, demand management, order fulfillment, and manufacturing process management, to product development, commercialization, and last-mile delivery. Therefore, the first benefit of a ruggedized facility is its extremely durable and tested construction, enabling the equipment to operate under extreme climatic and operating conditions, as well as their resistance to physical shock, moisture, water, heat, and even sandstorms.
3. Inventory Management
Factory and warehouse management is essential for manufacturers. These warehouses store a variety of valuable items, parts and raw materials that can be used for a variety of manufacturing processes, machine maintenance and distribution. These along with finished goods mean keeping in an organized order and having proper accountability at all times. Did you know? rfid-based rugged devices greatly help improve inventory management by extending real-time information about goods entering and leaving the warehouse without opening boxes.
4. Maintenance machinery
The success of a manufacturing unit depends on the smooth operation of all machines to maintain the required level of efficiency in the production process. The use of industrial rugged phones has proven to be very beneficial to engineers as they allow them to seamlessly update accurate information records, share and access data in real time with managers and teams, and interact easily with customers and stakeholders. Overall, ruggedized devices improve communication, consistency, synchronization, reduced downtime, faster decision making, and increased productivity.
5. Improved process visibility
All of their work now needs to be in sync with each other, which means they need to always be told which operations need attention, which items are available, which need to be replaced or filled, which orders are waiting to be delivered, and so on. This means they need to communicate with each other at different touch points with real-time data, updates and information. Here, they take advantage of the Industrial Rugged cell phone, which allows them to communicate with each other effortlessly and instantly, and most importantly, provides complete visibility of the entire manufacturing process from start to finish.
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S18 IP68 grade waterproof and dustproof, 1.8 meters anti-drop, multi-functional Industrial Rugged Phone. Polycarbonate and glass fiber has the high strength and hardness, and TPU soft material has the excellent cushioning performance with no degumming and no color change
- Android 8.1, IP68 Waterproof
- Polymer 9000mAh large battery
- Rear camera 48MP + Front camera 13MP
- 3 charging methods (line charging, cradle charging, magnetic suction)
- Rigid anodized aluminum body
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- Extreme shock and scratch-resistant Gorilla Glass®, glove compatible
- Strong Flashlight, Flash Lighting
- Dedicated programmable buttons (PPT keys, custom-built)
- “Dual slot DMR digital-analog intercom/analog intercom is optional
- Infrared Remote
DMR Digital/Analog Intercom
- Dual time slot data transmission
- Dual-channel/Support relay station
- 4WNVHF(136- 174MHz)/
- 350 MHzNHF(136-1 74MHz)
Corning Gorilla Glass
The glass cover is made of 5th generation Corning Gorilla explosion-proof glass, Solid and durable,scratch-resistant, and wear-resistant with a silky touch, it will get you out of the awkward feeling of using a screen protectors and giving your fingers a pleasant and silky touch.
Barcode & RFID Support
- 2D Barcode Support: PDF41 7/QR Code/Data Matrix etc
- 1DBarcode Support: Code128/UCC/EAN-128/AIM128/EAN-8/ISBN/ISSN > 5mail
- LF 125KHz/134.2KHz/HF 13.56MHz
- UHF 433MHz/UHF 91 5MHz/2.45GHz/5.8GHz
It comes with a Night vision camera with infrared illumination. Apparently in the manner of how all kinds of surveillance cameras work. Let’s highlight the surroundings and transform the result into a visible image. This function is good for the hunter or people who love camping.
The S20 5G comes with NFC (Near Field Communication) functionality. Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short-range wireless connectivity technology that makes life easier and more convenient for consumers around the world by making it simpler to make transactions, exchange digital content, and connect electronic devices with a touch. The S20 5G phone has a built-in FM radio. The built-in FM Radio is great for listening to your favorite radio station.
The Conquest S20 5G comes with Android OS v11.0 out of the box, but it is upgradable to the next OS.
- GPU Mali-G57 MP4
- OS version Android OS v11.0
- SoC Mediatek Dimensity 800 MT6873
- CPU Octa-core, Quad-core 2 GHz Cortex-A76, Quad-core 2 GHz